Perovskite-fullerene hybrid materials suppress hysteresis in planar diodes.

Jixian Xu, Andrei Buin, Alexander H Ip, Wei Li, Oleksandr Voznyy, Riccardo Comin, Mingjian Yuan, Seokmin Jeon, Zhijun Ning, Jeffrey J McDowell, Pongsakorn Kanjanaboos, Jon-Paul Sun, Xinzheng Lan, Li Na Quan, Dong Ha Kim, Ian G Hill, Peter Maksymovych, Edward H. Sargent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

685 Scopus citations

Abstract

Solution-processed planar perovskite devices are highly desirable in a wide variety of optoelectronic applications; however, they are prone to hysteresis and current instabilities. Here we report the first perovskite-PCBM hybrid solid with significantly reduced hysteresis and recombination loss achieved in a single step. This new material displays an efficient electrically coupled microstructure: PCBM is homogeneously distributed throughout the film at perovskite grain boundaries. The PCBM passivates the key PbI3(-) antisite defects during the perovskite self-assembly, as revealed by theory and experiment. Photoluminescence transient spectroscopy proves that the PCBM phase promotes electron extraction. We showcase this mixed material in planar solar cells that feature low hysteresis and enhanced photovoltage. Using conductive AFM studies, we reveal the memristive properties of perovskite films. We close by positing that PCBM, by tying up both halide-rich antisites and unincorporated halides, reduces electric field-induced anion migration that may give rise to hysteresis and unstable diode behaviour.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 8 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-11-009-21
Acknowledgements: This publication is based in part on work supported by Award KUS-11-009-21, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), by the Ontario Research Fund-Research Excellence Program, and by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada. Computations were performed on the GPC supercomputer at the SciNet HPC Consortium. SciNet is funded by: the Canada Foundation for Innovation under the auspices of Compute Canada; the Government of Ontario; Ontario Research Fund-Research Excellence; and the University of Toronto. We thank Peter Brodersen from Surface Interface Ontario for SIMS measurements. A portion of this research was conducted at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, which is a DOE Office of Science User Facility. L.N.Q. and D.H.K. acknowledge the financial support by National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (2014R1A2A1A09005656). We thank Pengfei Li from the Department of Chemistry at the University of Toronto for help with time-of-flight mass spectrometry measurements.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

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