Performance of plastic biofilter media with different configuration in a water recirculation system for the culture of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Yousef S. Al-Hafedh*, Aftab Alam, M. Afaque Alam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three kinds of locally available plastic biofilter media with different configurations (plastic rolls, PVC pipes and scrub pads) were evaluated for their efficiency in organic waste removal from the effluents of an intensive recirculating tilapia culture system. A set of three types of solid-removing filters consisting of screened sedimentation; upflow sand as well as plastic bead filtration accomplished the mechanical filtration. Values of critical metabolic wastes like total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) (0.92 ppm) and nitrite-nitrogen (NO2-N) (0.22 ppm) were found to be well within the acceptable limits, while other water quality parameters in the culture water were also maintained within the normal range by the filtration system. Removal rates of 3.46 g TAN/m3 per day and 0.77 g NO2-Nm 3 per day, as well as TAN and NO2-N removal efficiencies of 29.37 and 27.3% respectively, were established to be the best for the plastic-roll biofilter medium as compared to PVC-pipe and scrub-pad media. Percent removal of TAN and NO2-N per pass of the biofilter (25.49 and 26.3% respectively) and the specific TAN and NO2-N removal rates (43 and 9.6 mg/m2 per day) of plastic rolls were also found to be superior to the other two biofilter media. Pieces of PVC pipes as biofilter medium is recommended to be used in the biofilters in view of their cheaper cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-154
Number of pages16
JournalAquacultural Engineering
Volume29
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

Keywords

  • Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
  • Plastic biofilter media
  • Recirculation system
  • Saudi Arabia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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