Origin of electrophosphorescence from a doped polymer light emitting diode

A. J. Campbell, W. Blau, P. A. Lane, L. C. Palilis, A. J. Cadby, D. D.C. Bradley, C. Giebeler, D. G. Lidzey, D. F. O’Brien

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Abstract

The origin of electrophosphorescence from a doped polymer light emitting diode (LED) has been investigated. A luminescent polymer host, poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (PFO), was doped with a red phosphorescent dye, 2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octaethyl-21H,23H-porphyrin platinum(II) (PtOEP). The maximum external quantum efficiency of (formula presented) was obtained at a concentration of (formula presented) PtOEP by weight. Energy transfer mechanisms between PFO and PtOEP were studied by absorption, photoluminescence, and photoinduced absorption spectroscopy. Even though electroluminescence spectra were dominated by PtOEP at a concentration of only (formula presented) PtOEP, Förster transfer of singlet excitons was weak and there was no evidence for Dexter transfer of triplet excitons. We conclude that the dominant emission mechanism in doped LED’s is charge trapping followed by recombination on PtOEP molecules. © 2001 The American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume63
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

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