Organocatalyzed Ring-Opening Polymerizations

M. Fèvre*, J. Vignolle, Yves Gnanou, D. Taton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

This chapter summarizes the recent advances in organocatalyzed ring-opening polymerizations. It highlights the advantages associated with the use of organic catalysts which now appear as viable substitutes for classical, often metallic, catalysts, in a context where the demand for sustainable and environmentally friendly reactants and processes steadily increases. This chapter reviews organic catalysts that are prone to trigger polymerization and monomers - in their vast majority heterocyclics - amenable to organocatalyzed chain growth. After a presentation of the four mechanisms generally found in such organocatalyzed polymerizations, the mechanisms involved in each pair of organic catalyst and monomer are thoroughly discussed. The first part categorizes the main families of organic catalysts used while the second defines the scope of each of them in terms of monomers that could be polymerized under controlled conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPolymer Science
Subtitle of host publicationA Comprehensive Reference, 10 Volume Set
PublisherElsevier
Pages67-115
Number of pages49
Volume4
ISBN (Print)9780080878621
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • 4-(Dialkylamino)pyridines
  • Activate chain-end mechanism
  • Activated monomer mechanism
  • Amidines
  • Bronsted acids
  • Controlled/living polymerization
  • Cyclic carbonates
  • Cyclic esters
  • Cyclocarbosiloxanes
  • Cyclosiloxanes
  • Dual activation of monomer and initiator/chain end
  • Epoxides
  • Lactide
  • N-carboxyanhydrides
  • N-heterocyclic carbenes
  • Organocatalyzed ring-opening polymerization
  • Phosphazenes
  • Phosphines
  • Thiourea-amino derivatives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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