Organic electrochemical transistors

Jonathan Rivnay, Sahika Inal, Alberto Salleo, Róisín M. Owens, Magnus Berggren, George G. Malliaras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

456 Scopus citations

Abstract

Organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) make effective use of ion injection from an electrolyte to modulate the bulk conductivity of an organic semiconductor channel. The coupling between ionic and electronic charges within the entire volume of the channel endows OECTs with high transconductance compared with that of field-effect transistors, but also limits their response time. The synthetic tunability, facile deposition and biocompatibility of organic materials make OECTs particularly suitable for applications in biological interfacing, printed logic circuitry and neuromorphic devices. In this Review, we discuss the physics and the mechanism of operation of OECTs, focusing on their identifying characteristics. We highlight organic materials that are currently being used in OECTs and survey the history of OECT technology. In addition, form factors, fabrication technologies and applications such as bioelectronics, circuits and memory devices are examined. Finally, we take a critical look at the future of OECT research and development.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNature Reviews Materials
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 2018

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