Optimal Node Placement in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

M. Felamban, Basem Shihada, Kamran Jamshaid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are expected to play a vital role in the exploration and monitoring of underwater areas which are not easily reachable by humans. However, underwater communication via acoustic waves is subject to several performance limitations that are very different from those used for terresstrial networks. In this paper, we investigate node placement for building an initial underwater WSN infrastructure. We formulate this problem as a nonlinear mathematical program with the objective of minimizing the total transmission loss under a given number of sensor nodes and targeted coverage volume. The obtained solution is the location of each node represented via a truncated octahedron to fill out the 3D space. Experiments are conducted to verify the proposed formulation, which is solved using Matlab optimization tool. Simulation is also conducted using an ns-3 simulator, and the simulation results are consistent with the obtained results from mathematical model with less than 10% error.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2013 IEEE 27th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages492-499
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781467355506
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 26 2013

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