Reflectance measurements at variable angle of incidence are performed on GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with unconventional square lattices. The technique yields the dispersion of photonic bands for the investigated lattices, as first shown by Astratov et al. [Phys. Rev. B 60, R16225 (1999)]. A sample with a square lattice of air rings and small air fraction yields narrow resonant structures and a dispersion of photonic modes close to that of free photons. Another sample with a square lattice of dielectric squares and large air fraction leads to broader structures and to a dispersion of photonic modes which differs strongly for the two polarizations of light: this sample has a pseudo-gap around 1 micron wavelength. The experimental results are in good agreement with theoretical calculations of the reflectance and of the photonic mode dispersion in the photonic crystal slabs.
- 42.70.Qs Photonic bandgap materials
- 81.07.-b Nanoscale materials and structures: fabrication and characterization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics