Onset of aseismic creep on major strike-slip faults

Ziyadin Çakir, Semih Ergintav, Haluk Özener, Uǧur Doǧan, Ahmet Akoglu, Mustapha Meghraoui, Robert E. Reilinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Time series analysis of spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data, GPS measurements, and field observations reveal that the central section of the Izmit (Turkey) fault that slipped with a supershear rupture velocity in the A.D. 1999, Mw7.4, Izmit earthquake began creeping aseismically following the earthquake. Rapid initial postseismic afterslip decayed logarithmically with time and appears to have reached a steady rate comparable to the pre-earthquake full fault-crossing rate, suggesting that it may continue for decades and possibly until late in the earthquake cycle. If confirmed by future monitoring, these observations identify postseismic afterslip as a mechanism for initiating creep behavior along strike-slip faults. Long-term afterslip and/or creep has significant implications for earthquake cycle models, recurrence intervals of large earthquakes, and accordingly, seismic hazard estimation along mature strike-slip faults, in particular for Istanbul which is believed to lie adjacent to a seismic gap along the North Anatolian fault in the Sea of Marmara.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1115-1118
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume40
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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