On the role of metal particle size and surface coverage for photo-catalytic hydrogen production; a case study of the Au/CdS system

I. Majeed, M.Amtiaz Nadeem, M. Al-Oufi, M.Arif Nadeem, G.I.N. Waterhouse, A. Badshah, J.B. Metson, H. Idriss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Photo-catalytic hydrogen production has been studied on Au supported CdS catalysts under visible light irradiation in order to understand the effect of Au particle size as well as the reaction medium properties. Au nanoparticles of size about 2-5 nm were deposited over hexagonal CdS particles using a new simple method involving reduction of Au3+ ions with iodide ions. Within the investigated range of Au (between 1 and 5 wt. %) fresh particles with mean size of 4 nm and XPS Au4f/Cd3d surface ratio of 0.07 showed the highest performance (ca. 1 molecule of H2 / Auatom s−1) under visible light irradiation (>420 nm and a flux of 35 mW/cm2). The highest hydrogen production rate was obtained from water (92%)-ethanol (8%) in an electrolyte medium (Na2S-Na2SO3). TEM studies of fresh and used catalysts showed that Au particle size increases (almost 5 fold) with increasing photo-irradiation time due to photo-agglomeration effect yet no sign of deactivation was observed. A mechanism for hydrogen production from ethanol-water electrolyte mixture is presented and discussed.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-276
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume182
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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