Observation of high Tc one dimensional superconductivity in 4 angstrom carbon nanotube arrays

Bing Zhang, Yang Liu, Qihong Chen, Zhiping Lai, Ping Sheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The only known approach to fabricate large, uniform arrays of 4-Å single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) is by using zeolite crystals as the template, in which the nanotubes are formed by chemical vapor deposition inside the linear channels of the AlPO-5 (AFI for short) zeolite. However, up to now the pore filling factor has been very low, as evidenced by the weight percentage of carbon in thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) measurements. In this work, we show that by using a new, micro-platelet AFI crystals as the template, combined with the use of a new CVD process, we can increase the TGA result to 22.5wt%, which translates to a pore filling factor of 91%. We have observed one dimensional (1D) superconductivity in such samples. The temperature dependence of resistance shows a smooth decreasing trend below 60 K, and the differential resistance displays a gap that disappears above the 1D superconducting initiation temperature. The observed behaviour is shown to agree very well with the theoretical predictions of 1D superconductivity.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)025305
JournalAIP Advances
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2017

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