Numerical Study on Liquid Droplet Internal Flow Under Shock Impact

Ben Guan, Yao Liu, Chih-Yung Wen, Hua Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The establishment of an internal flowfield inside a single water droplet subjected to shock-wave impact is numerically and theoretically investigated. The main focus is on the description of the droplet internal flow pattern, which is believed to be one of the dominant factors in initial droplet deformation. The droplet internal flow pattern holds steady for quite a long time after the incident shock passage, and a saddle point is observed for the first time. Accordingly, the saddle point inside the droplet flow is used as a characteristic point to describe the internal flow. Cases of different incident shock strengths are tested, and a theoretical prediction is proposed to delineate the correlation between the saddle point steady position and the strength of the incident shock wave. The numerical cases are found to be in good agreement with the prediction. The present study helps to complete the understanding of the overall droplet aerobreakup phenomenon.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3382-3387
Number of pages6
JournalAIAA journal
Volume56
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

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