Novel diblock copolymer-grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes via a combination of living and controlled/living surface polymerizations

Priftis Dimitrios, Georgios Sakellariou*, Jimmy W. Mays, Nikos Hadjichristidis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diels-Alder cycloaddition reactions were used to functionalize multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) with 1-benzocyloobutene-1′-phenylethylene (BCB-PE) or 4-hydroxy-ethylbenzocyolobutene (BCB-EO). The covalent functionalization of the nanotubes with these initiator precursors was verified by FTIR and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). After appropriate transformations/additions, the functionalized MWNTs were used for surface initiated anionic and ring opening polymerizations of ethylene oxide and ε-caprolactone ε-CL), respectively. The OH-end groups were transformed to isopropylbromide groups by reaction with 2-bromoisobutyryl bromide, for subsequent atom transfer radical polymerization of styrene or 2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate to afford the final diblock copolymers. 1H NMR, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), TGA, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used for the characterization of the nanocomposite materials. TEM images showed the presence of a polymer layer around the MWNTs as well as the dissociation of MWNT bundles. Consequently, this general methodology, employing combinations of different polymerization techniques, Increases the diversity of diblocks that can be grafted from MWNTs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1104-1112
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

Keywords

  • Anionic polymerization
  • Atom transfer radical polymerization
  • Diblock copolymers
  • Thermogravimetric analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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