Nonlinear dynamics of an imperfect microbeam under an axial load and electric excitation

Laura Ruzziconi*, Mohammad Younis, Stefano Lenci

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study is motivated by the growing attention, both from a practical and a theoretical point of view, toward the nonlinear behavior of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). We analyze the nonlinear dynamics of an imperfect microbeam under an axial force and electric excitation. The imperfection of the microbeam, typically due to microfabrication processes, is simulated assuming the microbeam to be of a shallow arched initial shape. The device has a bistable static behavior. The aim is that of illustrating the nonlinear phenomena, which arise due to the coupling of mechanical and electrical nonlinearities, and discussing their usefulness for the engineering design of the microstructure. We derive a single-mode-reduced-order model by combining the classical Galerkin technique and the Padé approximation. Despite its apparent simplicity, this model is able to capture the main features of the complex dynamics of the device. Extensive numerical simulations are performed using frequency response diagrams, attractor-basins phase portraits, and frequency-dynamic voltage behavior charts. We investigate the overall scenario, up to the inevitable escape, obtaining the theoretical boundaries of appearance and disappearance of the main attractors. The main features of the nonlinear dynamics are discussed, stressing their existence and their practical relevance. We focus on the coexistence of robust attractors, which leads to a considerable versatility of behavior. This is a very attractive feature in MEMS applications. The ranges of coexistence are analyzed in detail, remarkably at high values of the dynamic excitation, where the penetration of the escape (dynamic pull-in) inside the double well may prevent the safe jump between the attractors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2011
Pages245-253
Number of pages9
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
EventASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2011 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: Aug 28 2011Aug 31 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
Volume7

Other

OtherASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2011
CountryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period08/28/1108/31/11

Keywords

  • Complex behavior
  • Microelectromechanical systems
  • Nonlinear dynamics
  • Reduced-order models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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