Non-parametric Bayesian dictionary learning for sparse image representations

Mingyuan Zhou, Haojun Chen, John Paisley, Lu Ren, Guillermo Sapiro, Lawrence Carin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

162 Scopus citations

Abstract

Non-parametric Bayesian techniques are considered for learning dictionaries for sparse image representations, with applications in denoising, inpainting and com-pressive sensing (CS). The beta process is employed as a prior for learning the dictionary, and this non-parametric method naturally infers an appropriate dictionary size. The Dirichlet process and a probit stick-breaking process are also considered to exploit structure within an image. The proposed method can learn a sparse dictionary in situ; training images may be exploited if available, but they are not required. Further, the noise variance need not be known, and can be non-stationary. Another virtue of the proposed method is that sequential inference can be readily employed, thereby allowing scaling to large images. Several example results are presented, using both Gibbs and variational Bayesian inference, with comparisons to other state-of-the-art approaches.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Neural Information Processing Systems 22 - Proceedings of the 2009 Conference
Pages2295-2303
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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