Non-Boussinesq turbulent buoyant jet of a low-density gas leaks into high-density ambient

Mohamed El-Amin, Shuyu Sun, Hiroshi Kanayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article, we study the problem of low-density gas jet injected into high-density ambient numerically which is important in applications such as fuel injection and leaks. It is assumed that the local rate of entrainment is consisted of two components; one is the component of entrainment due to jet momentum while the other is the component of entrainment due to buoyancy. The integral models of the mass, momentum and concentration fluxes are obtained and transformed to a set of ordinary differential equations using some similarity transformations. The resulting system is solved to determine the centerline quantities which are used to get the mean axial velocity, mean concentration and mean density of the jet. Therefore, the centerline and mean quantities are used together with the governing equation to determine some important turbulent quantities such as, cross-stream velocity, Reynolds stress, velocity- concentration correlation, turbulent eddy viscosity and turbulent eddy diffusivity. Throughout this paper the developed model is verified by comparing the present results with experimental results and jet/plume theory from the literature. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3764-3778
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Mathematics and Computation
Volume217
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

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