The N-terminal alpha-helix domain of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Nef protein plays important roles in enhancement of viral infectivity, virion incorporation of Nef, and the down-regulation of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) expression on cell surfaces. In this study, we demonstrated that Met 20 in the alpha-helix domain was indispensable for the ability of Nef to modulate MHC-I expression but not for other events. We also showed that Met 20 was unnecessary for the down- regulation of CD4. These findings indicate that the region governing MHC-I down-regulation is proximate in the alpha-helix domain but is dissociated functionally from that determining enhancement of viral infectivity, virion incorporation of Nef, and CD4 down-regulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science