NbTi 0.5Ni 0.5O 4 as anode compound material for SOFCs

Samir Boulfrad*, Mark Cassidy, John T S Irvine

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

NbTi 0.5Ni 0.5O 4 (NTNO) has been prepared using solid state synthesis and investigated as a potential anode material. The oxide form of NTNO has single phase rutile-type structure with tetragonal (P42/mnm) space group. The reduced form is a composite of nano-scaled particles of metallic Ni and Nb 1.33Ti 0.67O 4 phase. Reduced NTNO showed high electronic conductivity up to 280 S.cm - 1 at 900 °C in reducing atmosphere, but suffers from low CTE equal to 3.78 10 - 6 K - 1. Studies of NTNO as anode material were carried out in a three electrode - electrochemical half cell configuration under pure humidified H 2 at 900 °C using a 2 mm thick zirconia electrolyte and without any additional current collector material. The results show a reasonable series resistance (R s) equal to 2.7 Ωcm 2 (about 50% higher than for metallic gold layers) indicating a good current collection performance for a 10 μm layer of material. The polarization resistance (R p) was equal to 33 Ωcm 2 and is attributed to a poor density of three phase boundaries (TPB) and shortage of oxide ion conduction in the anode layer. The results show the potential of NTNO as an anode material, especially after optimization of the microstructure towards the increase of TPB length.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-41
Number of pages5
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume197
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2011

Keywords

  • Anode
  • Electronic conductivity
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • NbTi Ni O
  • Reduction-oxidation
  • SOFC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Chemistry(all)

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