Nano-sized quaternary CuGa2In3S8 as an efficient photocatalyst for solar hydrogen production

Tarek Kandiel, Dalaver H. Anjum, Kazuhiro Takanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The synthesis of quaternary metal sulfide (QMS) nanocrystals is challenging because of the difficulty to control their stoichiometry and phase structure. Herein, quaternary CuGa2In3S8 photocatalysts with a primary particle size of ≈4nm are synthesized using a facile hot-injection method by fine-tuning the sulfur source injection temperature and aging time. Characterization of the samples reveals that quaternary CuGa2In3S8 nanocrystals exhibit n-type semiconductor characteristics with a transition band gap of ≈1.8eV. Their flatband potential is located at -0.56V versus the standard hydrogen electrode at pH6.0 and is shifted cathodically by 0.75V in solutions with pH values greater than 12.0. Under optimized conditions, the 1.0wt% Ru-loaded CuGa2In3S8 photocatalyst exhibits a photocatalytic H2 evolution response up to 700nm and an apparent quantum efficiency of (6.9±0.5)% at 560nm. These results indicate clearly that QMS nanocrystals have great potential as nano-photocatalysts for solar H2 production. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3112-3121
Number of pages10
JournalChemSusChem
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 3 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nano-sized quaternary CuGa2In3S8 as an efficient photocatalyst for solar hydrogen production'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this