Multivehicle path planning for nonline-of-sight communication

Tom Schouwenaars, Andrew Stubbs, James Paduano, Eric Feron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a mathematical programming approach to online connectivity-constrained trajectory planning for autonomous helicopters through cluttered environments. A lead vehicle must execute a certain mission whereby wireless line-of-sight communication to its ground station is lost. Relay helicopters are therefore introduced that must position themselves in such a way that indirect line-of-sight connectivity between the leader and the ground station is always maintained. This requires coordinated multivehicle trajectory optimization which is tackled online using centralized and distributed receding horizon planning strategies. The problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear program that accounts for the vehicle dynamics, obstacle and collision avoidance, and connectivity constraints. A centralized two-helicopter mission is described for which simulation, hardware in the loop, and real-time flight-test results that show the online adaptability of the approach are presented. Simulations of distributed scenarios are given as well. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-290
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Field Robotics
Volume23
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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