For many applications with multivariate data, random-field models capturing departures from Gaussianity within realizations are appropriate. For this reason, we formulate a new class of multivariate non-Gaussian models based on systems of stochastic partial differential equations with additive type G noise whose marginal covariance functions are of Matérn type. We consider four increasingly flexible constructions of the noise, where the first two are similar to existing copula-based models. In contrast with these, the last two constructions can model non-Gaussian spatial data without replicates. Computationally efficient methods for likelihood-based parameter estimation and probabilistic prediction are proposed, and the flexibility of the models suggested is illustrated by numerical examples and two statistical applications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||25|
|Journal||Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B: Statistical Methodology|
|State||Published - Dec 17 2019|