The goal of zero-shot learning (ZSL) is to build a classifier that recognizes novel categories with no corresponding annotated training data. The typical routine is to transfer knowledge from seen classes to unseen ones by learning a visual-semantic embedding. Existing multi-label zero-shot learning approaches either ignore correlations among labels, suffer from large label combinations, or learn the embedding using only local or global visual features. In this paper, we propose a Graph Convolution Networks based Multi-label Zero-Shot Learning model, abbreviated as MZSL-GCN. Our model first constructs a label relation graph using label co-occurrences and compensates the absence of unseen labels in the training phase by semantic similarity. It then takes the graph and the word embedding of each seen (unseen) label as inputs to the GCN to learn the label semantic embedding, and to obtain a set of inter-dependent object classifiers. MZSL-GCN simultaneously trains another attention network to learn compatible local and global visual features of objects with respect to the classifiers, and thus makes the whole network end-to-end trainable. In addition, the use of unlabeled training data can reduce the bias toward seen labels and boost the generalization ability. Experimental results on benchmark datasets show that our MZSL-GCN competes with state-of-the-art approaches.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (62031003, 61872300 and 62072380).