By interference of the yeast pheromone mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway with an alfalfa cDNA expression library, we have isolated the MP2C gene encoding a functional protein phosphatase type 2C. Epistasis analysis in yeast indicated that the molecular target of the MP2C phosphatase is Ste11, a MAPK kinase kinase that is a central regulator of the pheromone and osmosensing pathways. In plants, MP2C functions as a negative regulator of the stress-activated MAPK (SAMK) pathway that is activated by cold, drought, touch, and wounding. Although activation of the SAMK pathway occurs by a posttranslational mechanism, de novo transcription and translation of protein factor(s) are necessary for its inactivation. MP2C is likely to be this or one of these factors, because wound-induced activation of SAMK is followed by MP2C gene expression and recombinant glutathione S-transferase- MP2C is able to inactivate extracts containing wound-induced SAMK. Wound- induced MP2C expression is a transient event and correlates with the refractory period, i.e., the time when restimulation of the SAMK pathway is not possible by a second stimulation. These data suggest that MP2C is part of a negative feedback mechanism that is responsible for resetting the SAMK cascade in plants.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Feb 17 1998|
- Signal transduction
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