Mosquito management in the face of natural selection

Folashade B. Agusto, Sharon A. Bewick, Rana Parshad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sterile insect technique (SIT) is an appealing method for managing mosquito populations while avoiding the environmental and social costs associated with more traditional control strategies like insecticide application. Success of SIT, however, hinges on sterile males being able to compete for females. As a result, heavy and/or continued use of SIT could potentially diminish its efficacy if prolonged treatments result in selection for female preference against sterile males. In this paper we extend a general differential equation model of mosquito dynamics to consider the role of female choosiness in determining the long-term usefulness of SIT as a management option. We then apply optimal control theory to our model and show how natural selection for female choosiness fundamentally alters management strategies. Our study calls into question the benefits associated with developing SIT as a management strategy, and suggests that effort should be spent studying female mate choice in order to determine its relative importance and how likely it is to impact SIT treatment goals. © 2012.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-168
Number of pages15
JournalMathematical Biosciences
Volume239
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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