Morphology control and mechanical properties of liquid crystalline polymer-polyamide composite fibers

Huimin Wang, Xiaoming Tao, Edward Newton, Tai-Shung Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the relationships between the viscosity ratio, morphology, and processing temperature of composite fibers comprising liquid crystalline polymer (LCP) and polyamide-66 (PA 66). Furthermore, we examine in details the effect of the LCP concentration on the phase microstructure and the mechanical properties of the composite fibers. The results show that, first, the optimal processing temperature of melt spinning of the composite fibers depends strongly on the viscosity ratio of LCP to PA 66 through the processing temperature range can be determined by the degradation temperature of PA 66 and the melting point of LCP. Secondly, the LCP phase structure/morphology in composite fibers can be controlled by the viscosity ratio of LCP to PA 66. Thirdly, the LCP phase structure/morphology are changed with LCP concentration for a fixed viscosity ratio/processing temperature. With an increase in LCP concentration, the morphology of LCP phase is changed from a fine fibril dispersed phase to a perfectly aligned continuous fiber reinforced phase in a rich LCP composite fiber. Finally, the mechanical properties of LCP composite fibers depend on the LCP phase structure/morphology and LCP concentration. The tensile properties of the composite fibers exhibit the positive synergy in the rich LCP composite fibers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-583
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer Journal
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Keywords

  • Composite fibers
  • Liquid crystalline polymer (LCP) concentration
  • Mechanical properties
  • Morphology control
  • Processing temperature
  • Viscosity ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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