Morphologies of ABC triblock terpolymer melts containing poly(Cyclohexadiene): Effects of conformational asymmetry

Rajeev Senthil Kumar, Scott W. Sides, Monojoy Goswami, Bobby G. Sumpter, Kunlun Hong, Xiaodong Wu, Thomas P. Russell, Samuel P. Gido, Konstantinos Misichronis, Sofia Rangou, Apostolos Avgeropoulos, Thodoris Tsoukatos, Nikos Hadjichristidis, Frederick L. Beyer, Jimmy Wayne Mays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have synthesized linear ABC triblock terpolymers containing poly(1,3-cyclohexadiene), PCHD, as an end block and characterized their morphologies in the melt. Specifically, we have studied terpolymers containing polystyrene (PS), polybutadiene (PB), and polyisoprene (PI) as the other blocks. Systematically varying the ratio of 1,2- /1,4-microstructures of poly(1,3-cyclohexadiene), we have studied the effects of conformational asymmetry among the three blocks on the morphologies using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and self-consistent field theory (SCFT) performed with PolySwift++. Our work reveals that the triblock terpolymer melts containing a high percentage of 1,2-microstructures in the PCHD block are disordered at 110 C for all the samples, independent of sequence and volume fraction of the blocks. In contrast, the triblock terpolymer melts containing a high percentage of 1,4-microstructure form regular morphologies known from the literature. The accuracy of the SCFT calculations depends on calculating the χ parameters that quantify the repulsive interactions between different monomers. Simulations using χ values obtained from solubility parameters and group contribution methods are unable to reproduce the morphologies as seen in the experiments. However, SCFT calculations accounting for the enhancement of the χ parameter with an increase in the conformational asymmetry lead to an excellent agreement between theory and experiments. These results highlight the importance of conformational asymmetry in tuning the χ parameter and, in turn, morphologies in block copolymers. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1995-2006
Number of pages12
JournalLangmuir
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 31 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Electrochemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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