Morphological and electrochemical cycling effects in MnO2 nanostructures by 3D electron tomography

Wei Chen, Raghavan B. Rakhi, Qingxiao Wang, Mohamed N. Hedhili, Husam N. Alshareef*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, MnO2 nanostructures with well-controlled morphology and crystal phase are successfully prepared by chemical synthesis, and characterized by three-dimensional electron tomography for use as supercapacitor electrode materials. The growth process of the various MnO 2 nanostructures is revealed in detail, and correlated to their electrochemical performance as supercapacitor materials. The specific capacitance of MnO2 electrodes is found to be strongly correlated with the inner morphology and crystal phase of the MnO2 nanostructures. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the increased capacity with electrochemical cycling of the materials is due to the formation of defective regions embedded in the MnO2 nanostructures; these regions form during electrochemical cycling of the electrodes, resulting in increased porosity, surface area, and consequently, increased electrochemical capacity. The preparation, characterization and supercapacitor application of MnO 2 nanostructures by 3D electron tomography are studied. The electrochemical performance of MnO2 is correlated to its surface area, determined by the morphological effect, as well as the cycling effect, determined by the formation of defective regions on the nanostructures during electrochemical cycling tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3130-3143
Number of pages14
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume24
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 4 2014

Keywords

  • cycling effects
  • electron tomography
  • morphological effects
  • supercapacitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Electrochemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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