Monomer atomic configuration as key feature in governing the gas transport behaviors of polyimide membrane

P. C. Tan, B. S. Ooi, A. L. Ahmad, S. C. Low*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although the molecular design of polyimide has been extensively investigated, the role of monomer's atomic configuration in controlling the structure of polyimide membrane hence its gas transport behaviors remains relatively uncertain. Therefore, a series of polyimides with different monomer combinations were synthesized to determine the crucial features of monomer that can impose great influence on membrane properties such as the fractional free volume (FFV). The results showed that the polyimide chain length (Mw) depended strongly on the monomer reactivity, which was primarily controlled by the steric hindrance of monomers' substituent instead of their electronic nature. In addition, the polarity and atomic configuration of monomer were found to be the two dominant factors in governing the membrane FFV. A polyimide model was also constructed and validated by molecular dynamics simulation to predict the gas transport behaviors (solubility and diffusivity) of copolyimide membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number46073
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume135
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2018

Keywords

  • membranes
  • polyimides
  • separation techniques
  • structure–property relationships
  • theory and modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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