Monodisperse Pt atoms anchored on N-doped graphene as efficient catalysts for CO oxidation: A first-principles investigation

Xin Liu, Yanhui Sui, Ting Duan, Changgong Meng, Yu Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

We performed first-principles based calculations to investigate the electronic structure and the potential catalytic performance of Pt atoms monodispersed on N-doped graphene in CO oxidation. We showed that N-doping can introduce localized defect states in the vicinity of the Fermi level of graphene which will effectively stabilize the deposited Pt atoms. The binding energy of a single Pt atom onto a stable cluster of 3 pyridinic N (PtN3) is up to -4.47 eV, making the diffusion and aggregation of anchored Pt atoms difficult. Both the reaction thermodynamics and kinetics suggest that CO oxidation over PtN3 would proceed through the Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. The reaction barriers for the formation and dissociation of the peroxide-like intermediate are determined to be as low as 0.01 and 0.08 eV, respectively, while that for the regeneration is only 0.15 eV, proving the potential high catalytic performance of PtN3 in CO oxidation, especially at low temperatures. The Pt-d states that are up-shifted by the Pt-N interaction account for the enhanced activation of O2 and the efficient formation and dissociation of the peroxide-like intermediate.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1658-1667
Number of pages10
JournalCatal. Sci. Technol.
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis

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