Molecular diversity of bacterial communities from subseafloor rock samples in a deep-water production basin in Brazil

Irene Von Der Weid, Elisa Korenblum, Diogo Jurelevicius, Alexandre Soares Rosado, Rodolfo Dino, Gina Vasquez Sebastián, Lucy Seldin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The deep subseafloor rock in oil reservoirs represents a unique environment in which a high oil contamination and a very low biomass can be observed. Sampling this environment has been a challenge owing to the techniques used for drilling and coring. In this study, the facilities developed by the Brazilian oil company PETROBRAS for accessing deep subsurface oil reservoirs were used to obtain rock samples at 2,822-2,828 m below the ocean floor surface from a virgin field located in the Atlantic Ocean, Rio de Janeiro. To address the bacterial diversity of these rock samples, PCR amplicons were obtained using the DNA from four core sections and universal primers for 16S rRNA and for APS reductase (aps) genes. Clone libraries were generated from these PCR fragments and 87 clones were sequenced. The phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rDNA clone libraries showed a wide distribution of types in the domain bacteria in the four core samples, and the majority of the clones were identified as belonging to Betaproteobacteria. The sulfate-reducing bacteria community could only be amplified by PCR in one sample, and all clones were identified as belonging to Gammaproteobacteria. For the first time, the bacterial community was assessed in such a deep subsurface environment. © The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-14
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume18
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 28 2008
Externally publishedYes

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