Modification of the adsorption and catalytic properties of micro- and mesoporous materials by reactions with organometallic complexes

Frédéric Lefebvre*, Piotr Putaj, Jean-Marie Maurice Basset, Xuxu Wang, Xianzhi Fu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This review describes the work of two laboratories in the field of the modification of micro- and mesoporous molecular sieves through reactions with organometallic complexes. The modification of zeolites can occur inside the pore channels or on the external surface, depending on the size of the organometallic complex. When the modification occurs on the external surface, it results in a decrease of the pore entrance, which will lead in turn to a modification of the sorption properties of the zeolite, by decreasing the rate of the adsorption (mainly by a kinetic control). Such a material can be also used in catalysis, because the external acid sites, which are responsible for side-reactions, have been removed upon grafting. When small organometallic complexes are used, they can fill the channels and cages of the zeolite and react with internal hydroxyl groups. Due to the high acidity of zeolites, the reaction occurs very easily (for example at -100 °C on faujasite), in contrast to what is observed on the external surface, therefore leading to high metal loadings. In that case, the modification of the sorption properties will be mainly related to a thermodynamic control. The resulting materials can be useful in catalysis, by combining the activity of the organometallic complex and properties (for example shape-selectivity) of the zeolite. Modification of mesoporous molecular sieves occurs always in the pores and results in altering of the sorption properties of the solid, by changing the interaction type between the sorbent and the sorbate. For example the sorption isotherm of alkanes is changed from type II to type III according to the IUPAC nomenclature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1862-1869
Number of pages8
JournalScience China Chemistry
Volume53
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • adsorption properties
  • organometallic compounds
  • transition metals
  • zeolites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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