Modeling Spectral Properties in Stationary Processes of Varying Dimensions with Applications to Brain Local Field Potential Signals.

Raanju R Sundararajan, Ron Frostig, Hernando Ombao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In some applications, it is important to compare the stochastic properties of two multivariate time series that have unequal dimensions. A new method is proposed to compare the spread of spectral information in two multivariate stationary processes with different dimensions. To measure discrepancies, a frequency specific spectral ratio (FS-ratio) statistic is proposed and its asymptotic properties are derived. The FS-ratio is blind to the dimension of the stationary process and captures the proportion of spectral power in various frequency bands. Here we develop a technique to automatically identify frequency bands that carry significant spectral power. We apply our method to track changes in the complexity of a 32-channel local field potential (LFP) signal from a rat following an experimentally induced stroke. At every epoch (a distinct time segment from the duration of the experiment), the nonstationary LFP signal is decomposed into stationary and nonstationary latent sources and the complexity is analyzed through these latent stationary sources and their dimensions that can change across epochs. The analysis indicates that spectral information in the Beta frequency band (12-30 Hertz) demonstrated the greatest change in structure and complexity due to the stroke.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1375
JournalEntropy (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2020

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