Microfluidic devices modulate tumor cell line susceptibility to NK cell recognition

Gerardo Perozziello*, Rosanna La Rocca, Gheorghe Cojoc, Carlo Liberale, Natalia Malara, Giuseppina Simone, Patrizio Candeloro, Andrea Anichini, Luca Tirinato, Francesco Gentile, Maria Laura Coluccio, Ennio Carbone, Enzo Di Fabrizio

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study aims to adoptively reduce the major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecule surface expression of cancer cells by exposure to microfluid shear stress and a monoclonal antibody. A microfluidic system is developed and tumor cells are injected at different flow rates. The bottom surface of the microfluidic system is biofunctionalized with antibodies (W6/32) specific for the MHC-I molecules with a simple method based on microfluidic protocols. The antibodies promote binding between the bottom surface and the MHC-I molecules on the tumor cell membrane. The cells are injected at an optimized flow rate, then roll on the bottom surface and are subjected to shear stress. The stress is localized and enhanced on the part of the membrane where MHC-I proteins are expressed, since they stick to the antibodies of the system. The localized stress allows a stripping effect and consequent reduction of the MHC-I expression. It is shown that it is possible to specifically treat and recover eukaryotic cells without damaging the biological samples. MHC-I molecule expression on treated and control cell surfaces is measured on tumor and healthy cells. After the cell rolling treatment a clear reduction of MHC-I levels on the tumor cell membrane is observed, whereas no changes are observed on healthy cells (monocytes). The MHC-I reduction is investigated and the possibility that the developed system could induce a loss of these molecules from the tumor cell surface is addressed. The percentage of living tumor cells (viability) that remain after the treatment is measured. The changes induced by the microfluidic system are analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting and confocal microscopy. Cytotoxicity tests show a relevant increased susceptibility of natural killer (NK) cells on microchip-treated tumor cells. The bottom surface of a microfluidic system is biofunctionalized with antibodies specific for major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules. Injected cells roll on this surface and are subjected to shear stress. A reduction of MHC-I expression on tumor cell membranes is observed, as well as an increase in the recognition of tumor target cells by natural killer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2886-2894
Number of pages9
JournalSmall
Volume8
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 24 2012

Keywords

  • antibodies
  • biomolecules
  • cancer therapy
  • cell recognition
  • microfluidics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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