Methane hydrate-bearing sediments: Pore habit and implications

Marco Terzariol, Junghee Park, Gloria M. Castro, Carlos Santamarina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrate-bearing sediments are relevant to the organic carbon cycle, seafloor instability, and as a potential energy resource. Sediment characteristics affect hydrate formation, gas migration and recovery strategies. We combine the physics of granular materials with robust compaction models to estimate effective stress and capillary pressure in order to anticipate the pore habit of methane hydrates as a function of the sediment characteristics and depth. Then, we compare these results to an extensive database of worldwide hydrate accumulations compiled from published studies. Results highlight the critical role of fines on sediments mechanical and flow properties, hydrate pore habit and potential production strategies. The vast majority of hydrate accumulations (92% of the sites) are found in fines-controlled sediments at a vertical effective stress between σ′z = 400 kPa and 4 MPa, where grain-displacive hydrate pore habit prevails in the form of segregated lenses and nodules. While permeation-based gas recovery by depressurization is favored in clean-coarse sediments, gas recovery from fines-controlled sediments could benefit from enhanced transmissivity along gas-driven fractures created by thermal stimulation.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104302
JournalMarine and Petroleum Geology
Volume116
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 2020

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