Metal–Organic Framework-Based Separators for Enhancing Li–S Battery Stability: Mechanism of Mitigating Polysulfide Diffusion

Mengliu Li, Yi Wan, Jing-Kai Huang, Ayalew Hussen Assen Assen, Chia-En Hsiung, Hao Jiang, Yu Han, Mohamed Eddaoudi, Zhiping Lai, Jun Ming, Lain-Jong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

The shuttling effect of polysulfides severely hinders the cycle performance and commercialization of Li–S batteries, and significant efforts have been devoted to searching for feasible solutions to mitigate the effect in the past two decades. Recently, metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) with rich porosity, nanometer cavity sizes, and high surface areas have been claimed to be effective in suppressing polysulfide migration. However, the formation of large-scale and grain boundary-free MOFs is still very challenging, where a large number of grain boundaries of MOF particles may also allow the diffusion of polysulfides. Hence, it is still controversial whether the pores in MOFs or the grain boundaries play the critical role. In this study, we perform a comparative study for several commonly used MOFs, and our experimental results and analysis prove that a layer of MOFs on a separator did enhance the capacity stability. Our results suggest that the chemical stability and the aggregation (packing) morphology of MOF particles play more important roles than the internal cavity size in MOFs.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2362-2367
Number of pages6
JournalACS Energy Letters
Volume2
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2017

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