Metal Organic Framework-Derived Iron Catalysts for the Direct Hydrogenation of CO2 to Short Chain Olefins

Adrian Ramirez, Lieven Gevers, Anastasiya Bavykina, Samy Ould-Chikh, Jorge Gascon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the synthesis of a highly active, selective, and stable catalyst for the hydrogenation of CO to short chain olefins in one single step by using a metal organic framework as catalyst precursor. By studying the promotion of the resulting Fe(41 wt %)-carbon composites with different elements (Cu, Mo, Li, Na, K, Mg, Ca, Zn, Ni, Co, Mn, Fe, Pt, and Rh), we have found that only K is able to enhance olefin selectivity. Further catalyst optimization in terms of promoter loading results in catalysts displaying unprecedented C-C olefin space time yields of 33.6 mmol·gcat·h at XCO = 40%, 320 °C, 30 bar, H/CO = 3, and 24 000 mL·g·h. Extensive characterization demonstrates that K promotion affects catalytic performance by (i) promoting a good balance between the different Fe active phases playing a role in CO hydrogenation, namely, iron oxide and iron carbides and by (ii) increasing CO and CO uptake while decreasing H affinity, interactions responsible for boosting olefin selectivity.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9174-9182
Number of pages9
JournalACS Catalysis
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 22 2018

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