Mesoporous aluminosilicates with ordered hexagonal structure, strong acidity, and extraordinary hydrothermal stability at high temperatures

Z. Zhang, Yu Han, F. S. Xiao*, S. Qiu, L. Zhu, R. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhang, B. Zou, Y. Wang, H. Sun, D. Zhao, Y. Wei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

377 Scopus citations

Abstract

Highly ordered hexagonal mesoporous aluminosilicates (MAS-5) with uniform pore sizes have been successfully synthesized from assembly of preformed aluminosilcate precursors with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant. The aluminosilicate precursors were obtained by heating, at 100-140 °C for 2-10 h, aluminasilica gels at the Al2O3/SiO2/TEAOH/H2O molar ratios of 1.0/7.0-350/10.0-33.0/500-2000. Mesoporous MAS-5 shows extraordinary stability both in boiling water (over 300 h) and in steam (800 °C for 2 h). Temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia shows that the acidic strength of MAS-5 is much higher than that of MCM-41 and is comparable to that of microporous Beta zeolite. In catalytic cracking of 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene and alkylation of isobutane with butene, MAS-5 exhibits greater catalytic activity and selectivity, as compared with MCM-41 and HZSM-5. The MAS-5 samples were characterized with infrared, UV-Raman, and NMR spectroscopy and numerous other techniques. The results suggest that MAS-5 consists of both mesopores and micropores and that the pore walls of MAS-5 contain primary and secondary structural building units, similar to those of microporous zeolites. Such unique structural features might be responsible for the observed strong acidity and high thermal stability of the mesoporous aluminosilicates with well-ordered hexagonal symmetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5014-5021
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume123
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 9 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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