Mesomorphic, Optical and DFT Aspects of Near to Room-Temperature Calamitic Liquid Crystal

Ayman A. Zaki, Mohamed Hagar, Rua B. Alnoman, Mariusz Jaremko, Abdul-Hamid M. Emwas, Hoda A. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new liquid crystalline, optical material-based Schiff base core with a near to room-temperature mesophase, (4-methoxybenzylideneamino)phenyl oleate (I), was prepared from a natural fatty acid derivative, and its physical and chemical properties investigated by experimental and theoretical approaches. The molecular structure was confirmed by elemental analysis, FT-IR (Fourier-Transform-Infrared Spectroscopy) and NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy. Optical and mesomorphic activities were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and polarized optical microscopy (POM). The results show that compound (I) exhibits an enantiotropic monomorphic phase comprising a smectic A phase within the near to room-temperature range. Ordinary and extraordinary refractive indices as well as birefringence with changeable temperatures were analyzed. Microscopic and macroscopic order parameters were also calculated. Theoretical density functional theory (DFT) calculations were carried out to estimate the geometrical molecular structures of the prepared compounds, and the DFT results were used to illustrate the mesomorphic results and optical characteristics in terms of their predicted data. Three geometrical isomers of the prepared compound were investigated to predict the most stable isomer. Many parameters were affected by the geometrical isomerism such as aspect ratio, planarity, and dipole moment. Thermal parameters of the theoretical calculations revealed that the highest co-planar aromatic core is the most stable conformer.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1044
JournalCrystals
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2020

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