Membrane biofouling characterization: effects of sample preparation procedures on biofilm structure and the microbial community

Zheng Xue, Huijie Lu, Wen-Tso Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ensuring the quality and reproducibility of results from biofilm structure and microbial community analysis is essential to membrane biofouling studies. This study evaluated the impacts of three sample preparation factors (ie number of buffer rinses, storage time at 4°C, and DNA extraction method) on the downstream analysis of nitrifying biofilms grown on ultrafiltration membranes. Both rinse and storage affected biofilm structure, as suggested by their strong correlation with total biovolume, biofilm thickness, roughness and the spatial distribution of EPS. Significant variations in DNA yields and microbial community diversity were also observed among samples treated by different rinses, storage and DNA extraction methods. For the tested biofilms, two rinses, no storage and DNA extraction with both mechanical and chemical cell lysis from attached biofilm were the optimal sample preparation procedures for obtaining accurate information about biofilm structure, EPS distribution and the microbial community. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-821
Number of pages9
JournalBiofouling
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2014
Externally publishedYes

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