Mechanisms of propagation and termination reactions in classical heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalytic systems: A nonlocal density functional study

Luigi Cavallo*, Gaetano Guerra, Paolo Corradini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

A nonlocal density functional study of ethylene polymerization with a model for the heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalyst is presented. We have considered the propagation as well as the termination reactions. In the absence of a coordinated-olefin, the Ti-C (chain) σ bond does not occupy an octahedral coordination position but is oriented along an axis that is intermediate between the two octahedral coordination positions which are available. The propagation reaction occurs in a stepwise fashion, and the most favored mechanism requires a rearrangement of the growing chain out of the four-center transition-state plane. The insertion reaction is facilitated by a remarkable α-agostic interaction. The most favored termination reaction corresponds to the β-hydrogen transfer to the monomer. This reaction is favored relative to the C-H σ-bond activation of a coordinated monomer, as well as to the β-hydrogen transfer to the metal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2428-2436
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume120
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 18 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanisms of propagation and termination reactions in classical heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalytic systems: A nonlocal density functional study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this