Improving the electron mobility of devices such as Ge metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors requires good Ge/dielectric interfaces. GeO2 thus is reconsidered as a passivation layer for Ge. However, O-vacancies need to be controlled as they have a deleterious impact on the properties. We employ electronic structure calculations to investigate the introduction of trivalent ions (Al, Y, and La) in α-quartz GeO2. The binding energies of the dopant-vacancy pairs reveal that dopants can be used to control the O-vacancies and reduce the induced dangling bonds. It is proposed that the introduction of Al will limit the concentration of O-vacancies at low Fermi energy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)