Materials-scale implications of solvent and temperature on [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM): A theoretical perspective

Naga Rajesh Tummala, Shafigh Mehraeen, Yao Tsung Fu, Chad Risko*, Jean-Luc Bredas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability to detail how molecules pack in the bulk and at the various materials interfaces in the active layer of an organic solar cell is important to further understanding overall device performance. Here, [6,6]-phenyl-C 61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), a preferred electron-acceptor material in organic solar cells, is studied through molecular dynamics (MD) simulations; the goal is to examine the effects of temperature and trace solvents on the packing and morphological features of bulk PCBM. Solubility (miscibility) parameters, melting and order-disorder transitions, surface energies, and orientational distributions as a function of different starting configurations are discussed. On the basis of the derived morphologies, electronic structure calculations and a kinetic Monte Carlo approach are combined to evaluate the parameters impacting electron mobility in crystalline and amorphous PCBM structures. The impact of trace solvents on the local ordering within PCBM domains is studied through molecular dynamics simulations. Varying the nature of the solvent is not only responsible for different materials-scale properties (crystalline packings, melting temepratures, surface energies, etc.) but also influences the electronic couplings and electron mobilities in the PCBM domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5800-5813
Number of pages14
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume23
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2013

Keywords

  • annealing
  • electron transport
  • fullerenes
  • organic photovoltaics
  • phase transitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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