Mangrove crab intestine and habitat sediment microbiomes cooperatively work on carbon and nitrogen cycling

Prasert Tongununui, Yuki Kuriya, Masahiro Murata, Hideki Sawada, Michihiro Araki, Mika Nomura, Katsuji Morioka, Tomoaki Ichie, Kou Ikejima, Kohsuke Adachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mangrove ecosystems, where litter and organic components are degraded and converted into detrital materials, support rich coastal fisheries resources. Sesarmid (Grapsidae) crabs, which feed on mangrove litter, play a crucial role in material flow in carbon-rich and nitrogen-limited mangrove ecosystems; however, the process of assimilation and conversion into detritus has not been well studied. In this study, we performed microbiome analyses of intestinal bacteria from three species of mangrove crab and five sediment positions in the mud lobster mounds, including the crab burrow wall, to study the interactive roles of crabs and sediment in metabolism. Metagenome analysis revealed species-dependent intestinal profiles, especially in $\textit{Neosarmatium smithi}$, while the sediment microbiome was similar in all positions, albeit with some regional dependency. The microbiome profiles of crab intestines and sediments were significantly different in the MDS analysis based on OTU similarity; however, 579 OTUs (about 70% of reads in the crab intestinal microbiome) were identical between the intestinal and sediment bacteria. In the phenotype prediction, cellulose degradation was observed in the crab intestine. Cellulase activity was detected in both crab intestine and sediment. This could be mainly ascribed to $\textit{Demequinaceae}$, which was predominantly found in the crab intestines and burrow walls. Nitrogen fixation was also enriched in both the crab intestines and sediments, and was supported by the nitrogenase assay. Similar to earlier reports, sulfur-related families were highly enriched in the sediment, presumably degrading organic compounds as terminal electron acceptors under anaerobic conditions. These results suggest that mangrove crabs and habitat sediment both contribute to carbon and nitrogen cycling in the mangrove ecosystem via these two key reactions.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e0261654
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume16
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 31 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mangrove crab intestine and habitat sediment microbiomes cooperatively work on carbon and nitrogen cycling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this