Low relative dielectric permittivities of polyimides and copolyimides derived from non-coplanar diamines and 4,4′-(hexafluoroisopropyl)diphthalic anhydride

Jianwei Xu*, Chaobin He, Tay Siok Wei, Tai-Shung Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two series of polyimides and copolyimdes were solution cast into transparent, flexible and tough films. The glass transition temperatures Tg obtained from dynamic mechanical analysis were moderate compared with commercial polyimides such as Dupont Vespel®. The Tgs for the majority of polymers derived from monomer 1 (2′,5′-bis(p-aminophenoxy)-[1,1′;4′,1″]terphenyl) (1A-F) were higher than those of polymers derived from monomer 2 (2,5-bis(p-amino-phenoxy)biphenyl) (2A-F). The thermal expansion coefficients of the two series of polymers were moderate and comparable. The maximum elongations and moduli of polymers 2A-F were larger than those of polymers 1A-F possibly because polymers 2A-F were more flexible than polymers 1A-F. The relative dielectric permittivities of both series of polymers were measured and exhibited a low value from 2.49 to 3.01 at 100 kHz. In contrast, the relative permittivities calculated using the Clausius-Mosotti relationship were higher. Incorporation of non-coplanar diamines into the polymer chain causes an increase in free volume, which may account for the decrease in relative permittivities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-299
Number of pages5
JournalPlastics, Rubber and Composites
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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