Lignin Derived Porous Carbons: Synthesis Methods and Supercapacitor Applications

Wenli Zhang, Jian Yin, Caiwei Wang, Lei Zhao, Wenbin Jian, Ke Lu, Haibo Lin, Xueqing Qiu, Husam N. Alshareef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Lignin, one of the renewable constituents in natural plant biomasses, holds great potential as a sustainable source of functional carbon materials. Tremendous research efforts have been made on lignin-derived carbon electrodes for rechargeable batteries. However, lignin is considered as one of the most promising carbon precursors for the development of high-performance, low-cost porous carbon electrode materials for supercapacitor applications. Yet, these efforts have not been reviewed in detail in the current literature. This review, therefore, offers a basis for the utilization of lignin as a pivotal precursor for the synthesis of porous carbons for use in supercapacitor electrode applications. Lignin chemistry, the synthesis process of lignin-derived porous carbons, and future directions for developing better porous carbon electrode materials from lignin are systematically reviewed. Technological hurdles and approaches that should be prioritized in future research are presented.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2100896
JournalSmall Methods
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 7 2021

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