Light extraction efficiency enhancement of III-nitride light-emitting diodes by using 2-D close-packed TiO2 microsphere arrays

Xiao Hang Li*, Peifen Zhu, Guangyu Liu, Jing Zhang, Renbo Song, Yik Khoon Ee, Pisist Kumnorkaew, James F. Gilchrist, Nelson Tansu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

The enhancement of light extraction efficiency of InGaN quantum well light emitting diodes (LEDs) was achieved by employing the refractive index matched TiO2 microsphere arrays. The optimization studies of the dipping method and rapid convective deposition (RCD) method were carried out for the deposition of TiO2 microsphere arrays onto LEDs. The two-dimensional (2D) close-packed TiO2 microsphere arrays were deposited by the using optimized conditions of the dipping and RCD methods, respectively. The light extraction efficiencies of LEDs under electrical injection were enhanced by 1.8-1.9 times by utilizing 520-nm diameter amorphous and anatase TiO2 microspheres via the two deposition methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6476034
Pages (from-to)324-332
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE/OSA Journal of Display Technology
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • III-Nitride
  • TiO microspheres
  • light extraction efficiency
  • light-emitting diodes
  • refractive index matching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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