Light-altering cover materials and sustainable greenhouse production of vegetables: a review

Xin He, Chelsea Maier, Sachin G. Chavan, Chen Chen Zhao, Yagiz Alagoz, Christopher Cazzonelli, Oula Ghannoum, David T. Tissue, Zhong Hua Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Greenhouse horticulture (protected cropping) is essential in meeting increasing global food demand under climate change scenarios by ensuring sustainability, efficiency, and productivity. Recent advances in cover materials and photovoltaic technologies have been widely examined in greenhouses to improve light transmission and solar energy capture with promoting energy-saving. We review the studies on advanced greenhouse cover materials with variable light transmittance, the effects of which on leaf photosynthesis, physiology, and yield. We provide insights into the potential key biological processes of crops responding to these light changes, specifically light receptors, signal transduction, nutrient biosynthesis pathways (e.g., carotenoids, antioxidant compounds) during fruit development and ripening. A better understanding of greenhouse cover materials with a focus towards energy-efficient cover materials equipped in greenhouse is an opportunity for better yield and higher nutrient products production in vegetables in response to global climate challenges. Interdisciplinary research on the application of novel cover materials in greenhouses and biological investigation of light-induced physiology and nutrient formation in vegetables may promote yield and health attributes for protected cultivation of vegetables with energy use efficiency.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPlant Growth Regulation
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Physiology

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