Layered and nanosheet aggregates of HTaMoO6 were examined as solid acid catalysts. The HTaMoO6 aggregated nanosheets were formed by soft chemical processing of layered HTaMoO6 using tetra (n-butylammonium) hydroxide. The catalytic activity and acid properties of the HTaMoO6 compounds were compared with those of layered HNbMoO6 and a range of conventional solid acids. The catalytic activity of HTaMoO6 for Friedel-Crafts alkylation with benzyl alcohol, hydrolysis of disaccharides, and esterification of acetic acid and lactic acid increased after exfoliation and aggregation, consistent with the acid strengths determined by NH3 temperature-programmed desorption and 31P magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurements. HTaMoO6 nanosheets possess additional strong acid sites on the oxide formed by exposure of a single layer, along with strong acid sites within the interlayer of the layered aggregate structure, resulting in higher acid catalytic activity than that of the original layered oxide.
- Friedel-Crafts alkylation
- Layered metal oxides
- NH temperature-programmed desorption
- P magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
- Solid acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry