Broad-band superhydrophobic antireflective (AR) coatings in near infrared (NIR) region were readily fabricated on silicon or quartz substrates by a layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly technique. First, a porous poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA)/SiO2 nanoparticle multilayer coating with AR property was prepared by LbL deposition of PDDA and 200 nm SiO2 nanoparticles. PDDA was then alternately assembled with sodium silicate on the PDDA/SiO2 nanoparticle coating to prepare a two-level hierarchical surface. Superhydrophobic AR coating with a water contact angle of 154° was finally obtained after chemical vapor deposition of a layer of fluoroalkylsilane on the hierarchical surface. Quartz substrate with the as-fabricated superhydrophobic AR coating has a maximal transmittance above 98% of incidence light in the NIR region, which is increased by five percent compared with bare quartz substrate. Simultaneously, the superhydrophobic property endows the AR coating with water-repellent ability. Such superhydrophobic AR coatings can effectively avoid the disturbance of water vapor on their AR property and are expected to be applicable under humid environments.
- Layer-by-layer assembly
- Multilayer films
- SiO nanoparticles
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry