Large magnetic entropy change in TbAl 2 (Tb 0.4 Gd 0.6 )Al 2

F. W. Wang*, Xixiang Zhang, F. X. Hu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rare-earth intermetallic compounds (Tb 1-x Gd x )Al 2 , have been successfully fabricated and characterized. Large magnetic entropy change, ΔS M , was observed in these alloys. The maximum - ΔS M ( = 14.3 J/kg K) is achieved in the TbAl 2 alloy at its Curie temperature, T C = 105 K, with a 5 T magnetic field change. It is shown that the alloys are very soft magnetic alloys. The magnetic entropy change is thus completely reversible in the whole temperature range of 80-180 K. An interesting feature in (Tb 1-x Gd x )Al 2 compounds is that the Curie temperature can be easily shifted by tuning the composition. These alloys, therefore, appear to be an attractive material candidate for realizing the active magnetic regenerator magnetic refrigerator consisting of eight stages, as suggested by K. A. Gschneidner, Jr. and V. K. Percharsky. [Rare Earth: Science, Technology, and Applications III, edited by R. G. Bautista, C. O. Bounds, T. W. Ellis, and B. T. Kilbourn (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 1997), p. 209.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1360-1362
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume77
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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