Magneto-ionic control of magnetic properties through ionic migration has shown promise in enabling new functionalities in energy-efficient spintronic devices. In this work, we demonstrate the effect of helium ion irradiation and oxygen implantation on magneto-ionically induced exchange bias effect in Gd/Ni0.33Co0.67O heterostructures. Irradiation using He+ leads to an expansion of the Ni0.33Co0.67O lattice due to strain relaxation. At low He+ fluence (≤2×1014 ions cm-2), the redox-induced interfacial magnetic moment initially increases, owing to enhanced oxygen migration. At higher fluence, the exchange bias is suppressed due to reduction of pinned uncompensated interfacial Ni0.33Co0.67O spins. For oxygen implanted samples, an initial lattice expansion below a dose of 5×1015 cm-2 is subsequently dominated at higher dose by a lattice contraction and phase segregation into NiO and CoO-rich phases, which in turn alters the exchange bias. These results highlight the possibility of ion irradiation and implantation as an effective means to tailor magneto-ionic effects.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics